Feel free to take to us about your Assam tour plan before arriving so you stay informed and your tourist cab is ready for you even before you arrive.
Assam is a state in northeastern India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Guwahati a major tourist hub is the capital of Assam. The city of Guwahati is well connected with railways and air which is why most people first visit this place on their jurney to the northeast of India.
The indigenous people traditionally include ethnic groups like Tai Ahom people, Tai Khamti people, Tai Turung people, Tai Aiton people, Tai Phake, Koch Rajbongshi, Misings, Karbi, Sonowal Kachari, Rabha, Biate, Chutia, Kalitas, Meitei, Keot (Kaibarta), Bodo Kachari, Tea tribes, Tiwa, Mech Kachari, Thengal-Kacharis, Sarania Kacharis, Deorii, Dimasa Kachari, Hmar, Doms/Nadiyals, Assamese Brahmins (including Ganaks), Assamese Muslims (particularly Syeds, Goria, Moria, Deshi communities), Assamese Sikhs, and Assamese Christians speaking Assamese or any other tribal dialect of Assam as their mother tongue.
Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk. The state has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds, and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. The Assamese economy is aided by wildlife tourism to Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, which are World Heritage Sites. Sal tree forests are found in the state which, as a result of abundant rainfall, look green all year round. Assam receives more rainfall than most parts of India; this rain feeds the Brahmaputra River, whose tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with a hydro-geomorphic environment.
1. Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is undoubtedly the most fmaous national park in Assam located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts. Kaziranga National Park hosts two-thirds of the world's great one-horned rhinoceroses and is a World Heritage Site.
2. Manas National Park
Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a national park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India which is located in the Himalayan foothills. The name of the park is originated from the Manas River, which is named after the serpent goddess Manasa. The Manas river is a major tributary of Brahmaputra River, which passes through the heart of the national park.
3. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Dibru-Saikhowa (Pron: ˈdɪbru: ˌsaɪˈkəʊwə) National Park is a national park in Assam, India. It is located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts and was designated a Biosphere Reserve in July 1997 with an area of 765 km2.
The forest of Dibru-Saikhowa consists of semi-evergreen forests, deciduous, littoral and swamp forests and patches of wet evergreen forests. Major tree species which can be seen here are tetrasperma, Dillenia indica, Bischofia javanica, Bombax ceiba, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Terminalia myriocarpa, Mesua ferrea, Dalbergia sissoo, and Ficus. Arundo donax, Imperata cylindrica, Phragmites karka, Saccharum ravennae are principal types of grasses in the national park. Around thirty five species of epiphytic orchids and 8 species of terrestrial orchid are recorded.
Thirty six mammal species have been have been seen here including the elusive Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, clouded leopard, jungle cat, sloth bear, dhole, small Indian civet, Malayan giant squirrel, Chinese pangolin, Gangetic dolphin, slow loris, pig tailed macaque, Assamese macaque, rhesus macaque, capped langur, Hoolock gibbon, Asian elephant, wild boar, Sambar deer, hog deer, barking deer, Asiatic water buffalo, and feral horse. Two species of monitor lizard, eight turtle species and eight snake species have been recorded.
Many tourists come to watch birds in this wildlife reserve such as the ferruginous pochard, Jerdon's babbler, black-breasted parrotbill, marsh babbler, puff-throated babbler, Jerdon's bushchat, rufous-rumped grassbird, chestnut-crowned bush warbler, Sarus crane, Bengal florican, spot-billed pelican, white-necked stork, black stork, black-necked stork, white-bellied heron, glossy ibis, fulvous whistling-duck, bar-headed goose, common shelduck, white-winged duck, spot-billed duck, Baer's pochard, swamp francolin, Himalayan griffon, white-tailed eagle, Pallas's fish-eagle, grey-headed fish eagle, greater spotted eagle, white-backed vulture, slender-billed vulture, lesser kestrel, brown fish owl, great pied hornbill, spotted redshank, spotted greenshank, Indian cormorant, grey heron, purple heron, black-crowned night heron, yellow bittern, Asian openbill, greylag goose, northern pintail, osprey, crested serpent-eagle, white-winged wood duck, pale-capped pigeon.
4. Orang National Park
The Orang National Park also known as Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park is located on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam, India, covers an area of 78.81 square kilometres. This park was established as a sanctuary in the year 1985 and declared a national park on 13 April 1999.The park has a rich flora and fauna, including great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, pygmy hog, elephants, wild buffalo and tigers. It is the only stronghold of rhinoceros on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river.
Orang park contains significant breeding populations of several mammalian species. Apart from the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, which is the dominant species of the national park, the other key species sharing the habitat are the royal Bengal tiger, Asiatic elephant, pygmy hog, hog deer and wild boar.
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